Most recently, the myth has surfaced in the fight against transgender people being legally allowed to use public bathrooms that align with their gender identity, without being restricted to those that match the sex they were assigned at birth. This fearmongering tactic has been used by conservatives, particularly in North Carolina , to oppose legislation that grants LGBTQ people legal protections against discrimination in the workplace, schools, housing, and public accommodations.
And the faulty logic behind it persists despite multiple investigations that have found zero evidence of increased incidents of sexual assault or other public safety concerns when trans people are granted legal nondiscrimination protections to use whichever bathroom they are most comfortable with. But the potential consequences are dangerous nonetheless. He also writes about living under the pressure of the public eye and people prying into his privacy. What Spacey fails to do is take any personal responsibility for what Rapp says happened.
The cases of Spacey and Weinstein are undoubtedly different, as the allegations against Weinstein come from more than 50 women and cover a wide range of offenses, from unwanted advances to rape. Weinstein was also alleged to have used his position of power as a Hollywood producer to intimidate and even threaten the careers of the women he targeted. It sets back fights for civil rights — in these cases, respectively, non-heterosexual people and mentally ill people, burdened for generations by baseless stereotypes pertaining to pedophilia and violence.
Will this end the cycle I ask him? I feel his sly smile You must face it daily You make a choice every day Choose wisely or it never ends It is part of you and your story Do not embody it Acknowledge it Respect it Do not suppress it Or it will rage in you like a forest fire and burn you and everything you hold dear. So here I sit writing my story I hope you do too because Freedom and Happiness are the most valuable things you will ever possess.
Fans, friends, family I am interested in hearing your opinion. What would you like to see me write about? Jump to. Sections of this page. Accessibility Help. Email or Phone Password Forgot account? Log In. Forgot account? Not Now. Community See All.
About See All. Page Transparency See More. Facebook is showing information to help you better understand the purpose of a Page. See actions taken by the people who manage and post content. But sexuality was not excluded as a concern of the mos maiorum , the traditional social norms that affected public, private, and military life.
Roman society was patriarchal see paterfamilias , and masculinity was premised on a capacity for governing oneself and others of lower status, not only in war and politics, but also in sexual relations. The corresponding ideal for a woman was pudicitia , often translated as chastity or modesty, but a more positive and even competitive personal quality that displayed both her attractiveness and self-control. Visual art was created by those of lower social status and of a greater range of ethnicity, but was tailored to the taste and inclinations of those wealthy enough to afford it, including, in the Imperial era , former slaves.
Some sexual attitudes and behaviors in ancient Roman culture differ markedly from those in later Western societies. Prostitution was legal, public, and widespread.
While perceived effeminacy was denounced, especially in political rhetoric, sex in moderation with male prostitutes or slaves was not regarded as improper or vitiating to masculinity, if the male citizen took the active and not the receptive role. Hypersexuality , however, was condemned morally and medically in both men and women. Women were held to a stricter moral code,  and same-sex relations between women are poorly documented, but the sexuality of women is variously celebrated or reviled throughout Latin literature.
In general the Romans had more flexible gender categories than the ancient Greeks.
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A lateth-century paradigm analyzed Roman sexuality in terms of a "penetrator—penetrated" binary model , a misleadingly rigid analysis that may obscure expressions of sexuality among individual Romans. Ancient literature pertaining to Roman sexuality falls mainly into four categories: legal texts; medical texts; poetry; and political discourse.
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Information about the sex lives of the Romans is scattered in historiography , oratory , philosophy, and writings on medicine , agriculture , and other technical topics. Major Latin authors whose works contribute significantly to an understanding of Roman sexuality include:. Ovid lists a number of writers known for salacious material whose works are now lost. Ovid calls the book a collection of misdeeds crimina , and says the narrative was laced with dirty jokes.
Erotic art, especially as preserved in Pompeii and Herculaneum , is a rich if not unambiguous source; some images contradict sexual preferences stressed in literary sources and may be intended to provoke laughter or challenge conventional attitudes. Just as venerable figures of men, painted by the hand of an artist, are resplendent in our houses, so too there is a small painting tabella  in some spot which depicts various couplings and sexual positions : just as Telamonian Ajax sits with an expression that declares his anger, and the barbarian mother Medea has crime in her eyes, so too a wet Venus dries her dripping hair with her fingers and is viewed barely covered by the maternal waters.
The pornographic tabella and the erotically charged Venus appear among various images that a connoisseur of art might enjoy. In the 2nd century AD, "there is a boom in texts about sex in Greek and Latin," along with romance novels. In the 3rd century, celibacy had become an ideal among the growing number of Christians, and Church Fathers such as Tertullian and Clement of Alexandria debated whether even marital sex should be permitted for procreation.
The sexuality of martyrology focuses on tests against the Christian's chastity  and sexual torture; Christian women are more often than men subjected to sexual mutilation, in particular of the breasts. Like other aspects of Roman life, sexuality was supported and regulated by religious traditions , both the public cult of the state and private religious practices and magic.
Sexuality was an important category of Roman religious thought. The Dii Consentes were a council of deities in male—female pairs, to some extent Rome's equivalent to the Twelve Olympians of the Greeks. Cicero held that the desire libido to procreate was "the seedbed of the republic", as it was the cause for the first form of social institution, marriage. Marriage produced children and in turn a "house" domus for family unity that was the building block of urban life. Many Roman religious festivals had an element of sexuality. The February Lupercalia , celebrated as late as the 5th century of the Christian era , included an archaic fertility rite.
The Floralia featured nude dancing. At certain religious festivals throughout April, prostitutes participated or were officially recognized. The connections among human reproduction, general prosperity, and the wellbeing of the state are embodied by the Roman cult of Venus , who differs from her Greek counterpart Aphrodite in her role as a mother of the Roman people through her half-mortal son Aeneas. The iconography links deities of love and desire with military success and religious authority; Sulla adopted the title Epaphroditus , "Aphrodite's own", before he became a dictator.
Cupid inspired desire; the imported god Priapus represented gross or humorous lust; Mutunus Tutunus promoted marital sex. The god Liber understood as the "Free One" oversaw physiological responses during sexual intercourse. When a male assumed the toga virilis , "toga of manhood," Liber became his patron ; according to the love poets, he left behind the innocent modesty pudor of childhood and acquired the sexual freedom libertas to begin his course of love.
Classical myths often deal with sexual themes such as gender identity , adultery , incest , and rape. Roman art and literature continued the Hellenistic treatment of mythological figures having sex as humanly erotic and at times humorous, often removed from the religious dimension. The Latin word castitas , from which the English " chastity " derives, is an abstract noun denoting "a moral and physical purity usually in a specifically religious context", sometimes but not always referring to sexual chastity.
Incestum that which is "not castum " is an act that violates religious purity,  perhaps synonymous with that which is nefas , religiously impermissible. A Vestal's loss of castitas ruptured Rome's treaty with the gods pax deorum ,  and was typically accompanied by the observation of bad omens prodigia.
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Prosecutions for incestum involving a Vestal often coincide with political unrest, and some charges of incestum seem politically motivated:  Marcus Crassus was acquitted of incestum with a Vestal who shared his family name. When Clodius Pulcher dressed as a woman and intruded on the all-female rites of the Bona Dea , he was charged with incestum. In Latin legal and moral discourse, stuprum is illicit sexual intercourse, translatable as "criminal debauchery"  or " sex crime ".
In early Rome, stuprum was a disgraceful act in general, or any public disgrace, including but not limited to illicit sex. The English word "rape" derives ultimately from the Latin verb rapio, rapere, raptus , "to snatch, carry away, abduct" the words rapt , rapture , and raptor still have the same meaning. In Roman law, raptus or raptio meant primarily kidnapping or abduction;  the mythological "rape" of the Sabine women is a form of bride abduction in which sexual violation is a secondary issue.
Before the word "rape" acquired its modern strictly sexual meaning, the verb meant simply to seize something or someone by force; this usage persisted at least into the early 19th century. The "abduction" of an unmarried girl from her father's household in some circumstances was a matter of the couple eloping without her father's permission to marry. Rape in the English sense was more often expressed as stuprum committed through violence or coercion cum vi or per vim.
As laws pertaining to violence were codified toward the end of the Republic, raptus ad stuprum , "abduction for the purpose of committing a sex crime", emerged as a legal distinction. Divine aid might be sought in private religious rituals along with medical treatments to enhance or block fertility, or to cure diseases of the reproductive organs. Votive offerings vota ; compare ex-voto in the form of breasts and penises have been found at healing sanctuaries. A private ritual under some circumstances might be considered "magic", an indistinct category in antiquity.
Aphrodisiacs , anaphrodisiacs , contraceptives , and abortifacients are preserved by both medical handbooks and magic texts; potions can be difficult to distinguish from pharmacology.
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In his Book 33 De medicamentis , Marcellus of Bordeaux , a contemporary of Ausonius,  collected more than 70 sexually related treatments—for growths and lesions on the testicles and penis, undescended testicles , erectile dysfunction , hydrocele , "creating a eunuch without surgery",  ensuring a woman's fidelity, and compelling or diminishing a man's desire—some of which involve ritual procedures:.
Keep the tail closed up in the palm of the same hand until it dies and touch the woman and her private parts when you have intercourse with her. Its root, pounded to a paste and drunk in vinegar for ten consecutive days, has the astonishing effect of turning a boy into a eunuch.
If the spermatic veins of an immature boy should become enlarged, split a young cherry-tree down the middle to its roots while leaving it standing, in such a way that the boy can be passed through the cleft. Then join the sapling together again and seal it with cow manure and other dressings, so that the parts that were split may intermingle within themselves more easily. The speed with which the sapling grows together and its scar forms will determine how quickly the swollen veins of the boy will return to health. Marcellus also records which herbs  could be used to induce menstruation , or to purge the womb after childbirth or abortion; these herbs include potential abortifacients and may have been used as such.
Ancient theories of sexuality were produced by and for an educated elite. The extent to which theorizing about sex actually affected behavior is debatable, even among those who were attentive to the philosophical and medical writings that presented such views. This elite discourse, while often deliberately critical of common or typical behaviors, at the same time cannot be assumed to exclude values broadly held within the society.
Lucretius , De rerum natura 4.